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BAIF Central Research Station
The Central Cattle Breeding Farm maintains 529 animals of exotic females and bull and bull calves of various breeds of cattle and buffaloes. Under the bull procurement programme, 14 calves of varying ages are being maintained and 530 potential bull mothers have been identified. Field performance recording is an on-going activity.

To improve the genetic base of exotic breeds, 40 HF embryos were imported from the United States and 12 embryos were transferred with 50% success. 72.23 lakh frozen semen straws were produced at CRS from 214 elite bulls of purebred exotics, HF and Jersey, crossbreds, indigenous breeds and buffalo breeds with Minimum Standard Protocol. To meet the demand for quality semen doses, frozen semen production has also been started at another Frozen Semen Station at Jind in Haryana with 1.70 lakh semen doses with 22 elite bulls of indigenous breeds.

The Molecular Genetics and Reproduction Biotechnology Laboratory is maintaining 4000 DNA samples of various breeds. Genetic Disorder Testing and Karyotyping were performed for more than 100 samples from semen freezing laboratories in Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. The Disease investigation laboratory was engaged in biochemical profiling of animals and routine disease investigations.

Under the Krishna Valley breed ex-situ conservation project, 5290 AI were performed and 504 male and 443 female calves were born. 64 Government-operated AI centres of Bagalkot district of Karnataka, availed of Krishna Valley semen for breeding of field animals and the demand is increasing. The field performance recording of Khillar breed is in progress, in 10 clusters of Sangli, Satara and Solapur districts. Under the Field Progeny Testing programme of Holstein Friesian Crossbred bulls of ICAR coordinated project, 1480 farmers were registered in Western Maharashtra. Semen of a total of 188 bulls was distributed from four different institutions across the country for evaluation in the past covering nine bull batches and out of them, 105 bulls were contributed by BAIF. Presently, the ninth batch of 21 bulls is in progress. The progeny performance recording of the first 5 bull batches revealed that the average performance was 2931.73 kg from 2324 progenies, born out of 103 sires.

The Animal Nutrition laboratory and Production Unit is engaged in the formulation, testing and production of improved feed and mineral mixture for the crossbred animals. A Bypass Protein and Bypass Fat Production Unit has been established at Wagholi. A research study on impact of DSM Premix containing micronutrients on milk yield and reproductive performance was undertaken.

Under the All India Coordinated Research Project on improvement of feed resources and nutrient utilisation in raising animal production, mineral mapping in Solapur district was undertaken. Studies on compensatory feeding on the performance of lactating cows and feeding azolla on semen quality of breeding bulls are in progress.

Under the All India Coordinated Research Project on Forage Crops, collection of maize and lucerne germplasm was made in Satpuda hill ranges of Maharashtra and Kutchh area of Gujarat. Under the crop improvement programme, 10 landraces of maize and two landraces each of pearl millet and sorghum were evaluated. 32 landraces of lucerne are being assessed for forage yield and quality parameters. New breeding material of forage crops and grasses were evaluated by conducting 18 breeding trials in kharif and rabi seasons under multilocations. Similarly, four Agronomy trials were conducted for development of new production technology. Technology transfer in fodder production of kharif and rabi forages was undertaken through 60 Field Technology Demonstrations in farmers' fields.

Under the forage crop seed production programme through rural women, seed production programme of maize African Tall, cowpea UPC 9202 in kharif and Lucerne RL 88, berseem Wardan and oats Kent in rabi was undertaken. 60 tons of Breeder, Foundation, Certified and Truthful seeds were produced. Simultaneously, planting materials of Hybrid Napier (BNH-10), Guinea grass and Cenchrus grass were multiplied and 17.60 lakh slips and cuttings were supplied to dairy farmers, cooperative dairies and private and Government institutions. The centralised facility for seed processing was availed by the seed growers for grading of seeds.

To popularise ecofriendly agriculture, 32 kg earthworms, 32 litres of vermiwash and 39 tons of vermicompost were produced and made available during the year. Production of Biofertiliser and Biocontrol products was undertaken for various crops and supplied to the farmers.

The Community Health Research Centre (CHRC) provided diagnostic services to 2388 human beings and conducted 4150 pathological tests, in addition to screening of 1191 animals and carrying out 5443 pathological tests. The CHRC also coordinated development programmes initiated through 152 SHGs in Haveli, Daund and Indapur blocks of Pune district. 9 training programmes have been conducted for more than 250 SHG leaders / members of Urulikanchan and Haveli blocks. Production and marketing of sanitary accessory by the local SHGs has spread awareness on good hygienic practices among women. So far, Rs. 9.17 lakhs worth material have been disbursed among the members of the SHGs.

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