Increasing demand for milk and a large number of low productive bovine population owned by the weaker sections of the society, have been compelling factors for expansion of BAIF's dairy development programme. The programme has been providing doorstep breeding services and other support services to over 5.26 million families spread over 88,272 villages in 12 states namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.

Our efforts to transform dairy cattle development programme into a selfsustainable model, have made a significant headway. 100 cattle development centres in Eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh and 100 centres in Central Bihar, implemented with the support of SGSY Special Programme of the Government of India, could be successfully completed over a period of seven years while creating a corpus of Rs. 5-6 lakhs per centre to sustain the programme without further financial assistance. This model is now being presented to other donors particularly various State Governments for adoption in the future.

Active involvement of women as service providers and mentors in livestock development, was initiated with the support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation through 158 cattle development centres in Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states. The project has successfully completed its second year of operation by reaching 49% of the poor through gender integration through 7718 women members and 399 women groups. 1125 dairy interest groups are engaged in adoption of new technologies and organising collection and marketing of milk.

Based on the successful experience in implementing an ecofriendly goat development programme in West Bengal benefitting 10,000 families, the programme has been extended to tribal regions of Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa and Tripura. Reduction in mortality rate from 40% to 4%, increase in weight of newly born kids and growing stock, have enabled the goat keepers to increase their average annual income from Rs. 2400 to Rs. 8000-10,000.

The focus is on promotion of small flock with genetic improvement, feed supplementation, minor health services such as deworming and vaccination, castration of the kids, and selling goats on weight basis. While 3000 families in Vidarbha region are using Osmanabadi breeds for upgrading their nondescript goats, 4025 families in Udaipur area in Rajasthan, are using Sirohi breed. The farmers in desert areas of Barmer, have adopted Desi Sindh breed of goat which is hardy. Over 30,000 families in Jharkhand, 2000 families in Tripura and 25,000 families in Orissa, are using Black Bengal breed.

Dairy Husbandry: 3 Cows / Buffaloes yielding 8 litres/day, generate an annual income of Rs. 35,000 45,000 (Gestation: 3.5 to 4 years)

Goat Husbandry: 8 10 goats generate an annual income of Rs. 25,000 30,000 (Gestation: 12 18 months)

Coverage of a Centre
  • 12-15 Villages; 1000-1500 families;
  • 1500-2000 breedable cattle and buffaloes
  • A.I. at doorsteps
  • Conservation of native breeds
  • Close follow up and monitoring
  • Support services: Vaccination, Health care,
  • Advice on Nutrition and Forage production
  • Focus on poor beneficiaries
  • Development of Local Organisations
Outcome
  • No. of Centres: 3749 in 16 states, covering
  • 5.26 million families in 88,000 villages
  • No. of A.I. carried out: 2.5 million/year
  • Cows/Buffaloes in production: 1.0 million
  • Value of Milk produced: Rs.4000 crores/year
  • Programme is Self-Sustainable after initial support for 5-7 years
Statewise Performance of Cattle Development Programme
State Districts Centres Villages (Cum.) Families (Cum.) Total Insem.
(2010-11)
MITTRA Maharashtra 19 285 3533 94054 218701
GRISERV Gujarat 23 219 3500 384568 146177
BIRD-K Karnataka 21 226 3842 466082 180586
RRIDMA Rajasthan 18 422 7920 596646 414643
BIRD-UP Uttar Pradesh 75 1043 38713 2788022 1053583
BIRD-Uttarakhand 12 120 2783 246435 66517
BAIF Bihar 15 252 5403 175000 233826
BIRVA- Jharkhand 24 710 14000 303345 169251
SPESD M.P. 19 120 3663 40452 42506
BIRD- A.P. 11 152 2189 100728 118504
BAIF Orissa 10 100 1920 24964 29120
BAIF Punjab 5 100 806 42815 107038
Total 252 3749 88272 5263111 2780452

Under the South Asia Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Programme (SAPPLPP), as a Partnering Institute for India, BAIF has contributed to over 15 Good Practices for improving the productivity of livestock and community pastures.


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