Increasing demand for milk and a large number of low productive bovine population owned by the weaker sections of the society, have been compelling factors for expansion of BAIF's dairy development programme. The programme has been providing doorstep breeding services and other support services to over 5.26 million families spread over 88,272 villages in 13 states namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.

Our efforts to transform dairy cattle development programme into a selfsustainable model, have made a significant headway. 100 cattle development centres in Eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh and 100 centres in Central Bihar, implemented with the support of SGSY Special Programme of the Government of India, could be successfully completed over a period of seven years while creating a corpus of Rs. 5-6 lakhs per centre to sustain the programme without further financial assistance. This model is now being presented to other donors particularly various State Governments for adoption in the future.

Active involvement of women as service providers and mentors in livestock development, was initiated with the support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation through 158 cattle development centres in Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states. The project has successfully completed its second year of operation by reaching 49% of the poor through gender integration through 7718 women members and 399 women groups. 1125 dairy interest groups are engaged in adoption of new technologies and organising collection and marketing of milk.

Based on the successful experience in implementing an ecofriendly goat development programme in West Bengal benefitting 10,000 families, the programme has been extended to tribal regions of Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa and Tripura. Reduction in mortality rate from 40% to 4%, increase in weight of newly born kids and growing stock, have enabled the goat keepers to increase their average annual income from Rs. 2400 to Rs. 8000-10,000.

The focus is on promotion of small flock with genetic improvement, feed supplementation, minor health services such as deworming and vaccination, castration of the kids, and selling goats on weight basis. While 3000 families in Vidarbha region are using Osmanabadi breeds for upgrading their nondescript goats, 4025 families in Udaipur area in Rajasthan, are using Sirohi breed. The farmers in desert areas of Barmer, have adopted Desi Sindh breed of goat which is hardy. Over 30,000 families in Jharkhand, 2000 families in Tripura and 25,000 families in Orissa, are using Black Bengal breed.

Dairy Husbandry: 3 Cows / Buffaloes yielding 8 litres/day, generate an annual income of Rs. 35,000 45,000 (Gestation: 3.5 to 4 years)

Goat Husbandry: 8 10 goats generate an annual income of Rs. 25,000 30,000 (Gestation: 12 18 months)

Coverage of a Centre
  • 12-15 villages; 1500 families
  • 1500-2000 Cows/Buffaloes
  • AI at doorsteps; Focus on small farmers
  • Conservation of native breeds
  • Support services: Vaccination, Minor Vet care, Advice on feeding and forage production
  • Development of Local Organisations
Outcome
  • No. of Centres: 4500 in 13 states, covering
  • 5 million families in 100,000 villages
  • No. of A.I. carried out: 4 million/year
  • Cows/Buffaloes in production: 2 million
  • Value of Milk produced: Rs. 8000 Cr./Year
  • Programme is Self-Sustainable in 5 years
Statewise Performance of Cattle Development Programme
State Districts Centres Villages (Cum.) Families (Cum.) Total Insem.
(2015-16)
Maharashtra 19 265 3653 64464 240606
Gujarat 23 219 2237 305335 193256
Karnataka 15 176 2648 127855 153445
Rajasthan 19 405 7786 237728 417593
Uttar Pradesh 76 1237 42404 3221180 1626042
Uttarakhand 9 108 3270 294639 100337
Bihar 14 246 5459 236747 282547
Jharkhand 24 1010 21387 997146 515142
Madhya Pradesh 22 171 2432 62627 97401
Telangana 7 90 1258 87679 89903
Andhra Pradesh 4 40 518 48358 49765
Odisha 10 100 1920 35542 81622
Punjab 8 128 813 143280 159611
Total 250 4267 95785 5862580 4007270

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