With promotion of improved silkworm races, grainage for silkworm and tassar egg production, post cocoon processing, technical support and marketing of certified silk products by BAIF, sericulture has become a popular homestead livelihood activity for small and marginal farmers in Maharashtra,Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh. This value chain development has facilitated year-round remunerative employment for the families. With the support of the Central Silk Board, 15 private grainages were constructed and 54 tribal families were supported to take up silkworm rearing in Gadchiroli and Mulshi areas of Maharashtra. Sericulture as a component of the integrated farming system, has been introduced in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, enabling more than 400 families to take up three harvests per annum. Presently, over 500 tribal families have adopted improved tassar silk production as a major source of livelihood.

A complete system from egg to silk production at the village level has been developed and popularised in Maharashtra and Karnataka. Advisory services have also been provided to 400 farmers in Mandi district through the Government of Himachal Pradesh for improving their income. More than 250 families with 163 ha mulberry plantation, received technical guidance and marketing support in collaboration with the Directorate of Sericulture, Government of Maharashtra and whose earnings have increased to Rs. 1.20 lakh per year from Rs. 40,000 per year. They produced 59 tons of cocoon which was processed into silk clothes and garments and sold through the Silk Mart outlet at Urulikanchan. Over 1700 farmers are benefitting from the programme and earning in the range of Rs. 4000 to 26,000 from tassar silk and Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 3.5 lakhs from sericulture, while generating over 2.7 lakh person days of employment per year. 80 landless families in Thane, Pune, Gadchiroli and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra are earning in the range of Rs. 6000 to Rs. 30,000 per year through integrated activities such as tasar silkworm egg production, tasar silkworm rearing, reeling of tasar cocoons, processing of raw silk and weaving of silk fabrics.

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